By Tongyin Yang
The Kam language of China possesses fifteen tones – greater than the other language. but it has lengthy been missed as a space of study, specifically from the point of view of discourse research. This examine initiates the exploration of the interface among grammar and discourse via interpreting a variety of features of Kam narrative discourse, and utilizing a sensible method of exhibit its structural homes. It additionally introduces the mechanism for phonological and syntactic adaptations, in addition to classifier versions and sentence-final debris (SFPs) in discourse and observe order adaptations. eventually, it discusses the effect of social surroundings on narrative constitution and provides the main up to date ethnological and social information regarding the community.
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Extra resources for A Grammar of Kam Revealed in Its Narrative Discourse
The current study will investigate only the natural, spontaneous narrating of folk stories. There are some non-linguistic characteristics of such narrative activity that may closely relate to discourse study and need to be pointed out in advance. First of all, as was mentioned above, only males are eligible for the narrating role. The ideal male narrator would be a grandfather or someone who belongs to an even higher generation within the family, even though any married male with his own child (ren), of age of ﬁfty or over would also qualify.
Since the amount of data uncovered is still limited in a sense, it may well be possible that further study will unearth this /ə/ in each and every tone category, but the current data reveals a tendency that certain tones that have falling pitch seem to appear more often than others with /ə/ rhyme word. This will be explained from a pragmatic perspective later in this chapter. Secondly, there is a co-occurrence restriction between the high-middle and middle-low falling ones and middle and low level tones.
Not all of them were adopted for discussion here. Some of them are too long to treat in a single project such as this one and are excluded simply because of the space limitation posed on the current study. Some are disqualiﬁed because they were recorded in private for other research purposes, thus falling out of the territory of spontaneously told narratives. Some are not well developed in the sense that they are too short in length. The two selected narratives from two speakers are salient data for the following reasons: (a) Both occurred in and were collected from a natural, typical Kam storytelling setting, thus carry validity of manifesting the features of targeted genre.
A Grammar of Kam Revealed in Its Narrative Discourse by Tongyin Yang